Europe is the world leader in cow-milking robots. Agriculture has already undergone its mechanical “revolution”. Robotics technologies are used differently depending on the size of the farm. For larger operations, tractors and other mobile devices are becoming autonomous, while drones monitor crops and can also be used to spread fertilizers.
At smaller farms, the work is transforming into “precision agriculture” with small autonomous robots that roam through the fields and, after distinguishing the weeds from the harmless plants and the ripe fruits from the unripe ones, spring into action with great precision. The robots pull out the weeds and pick the ripe fruits but, most importantly, do not touch what shouldn’t be touched. Interestingly, several initiatives aim to develop robotized crop and livestock farming for ecological purposes. Thus, Dino from Naïo Technologies is a weeding robot that straddles vegetable beds to mechanically weed large-scale vegetable farms, it is designed to weed industrial crops autonomously and without human supervision thanks to its guiding mechanism and its weeding and hoeing tools. It is electrically driven and requires less energy than a tractor, also lighter, it avoids compacting you soil, even when used frequently. Guided thanks to RTK GPS, you only need to enter the cartography of your field and when the robot finishes work, you will receive a text message on your smartphone.
Robotizing permaculture, i.e. natural, sustainable and self-sufficient growing systems, could help to foster its use at a broader scale.